Concussions – Cheerleaders sometimes get concussed by falling during a stunt, but it is more likely for someone at the bottom of the pyramid to get kicked in the head. Concussions also can be caused by an activity as mild as being thrown and caught repeatedly.
Ligament sprains – ACL sprains and tears are as common in cheer and dance as they would be in organized sports. This is because there is so much jumping, landing, and pivoting in routines. Also, women are three to six times more likely to tear an ACL. Rolled ankles and soreness and stiffness in knees are other common injuries.
Muscle strains – When muscles move quickly and forcefully through twists, jumps, splits, and acrobatic moves, it can stress the tissue and lead to sprains and tears. This is common in the lower back, hip, and groin areas.
Bone fractures – Ankles and feet take lots of abuse in cheer and dance. Most fractures can heal in a few weeks, but some can turn into lingering injuries and weaknesses down the line. Landing and stomping repeatedly can lead to stress fractures and back issues.
Wrist and elbow injuries – Cheerleaders and dancers at times are supporting their entire weight on their arms and hands, and this can lead to overstressed joints like wrists and elbows.